Thursday, July 16, 2020

The Psychology of Personality Formation

The Psychology of Personality Formation Theories Personality Psychology Print The Psychology of Personality Formation By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on October 20, 2019 Plume Creative / DigitalVision / Getty Images More in Theories Personality Psychology Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Behavioral Psychology Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology Social Psychology Biological Psychology Psychosocial Psychology Personality is something that people tend to think a lot about. When we meet new people, whether through work, school, or social events, it is often their personality on which we immediately focus. Whether they are nice, helpful, outgoing, or shy are just a few of the things that we assess as we evaluate the people around us. Why Is Personality so Important? It is our personality that makes us who we are, but how exactly do our personalities form? Personality development has been a major topic of interest for some of the most prominent thinkers in psychology. Since the inception of psychology as a separate science, researchers have proposed a variety of ideas to explain how and why personality develops. What do we mean when we talk about personality development? Personality development refers to how the organized patterns of behavior that make up each persons unique personality emerge over time. Many factors go into influencing personality, including genetics, environment, parenting, and societal variables. Perhaps most importantly, it is the ongoing interaction of all of these influences that continue to shape personality over time. Key Theories of Personality Formation Our personalities make us unique, but how does personality develop? How exactly do we become who we are today? What factors play the most important role in the formation of personality? Can personality ever change? To answer this question, many prominent theorists developed theories to describe various steps and stages that occur on the road of personality development. The following theories focus on various aspects of personality development, including cognitive, social, and moral development. Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development In addition to being one of the best-known thinkers in the area of personality development, Sigmund Freud remains one of the most controversial. In his well-known stage theory of psychosexual development, Freud suggested that personality develops in stages that are related to specific erogenous zones. Failure to complete these stages, he suggested, would lead to personality problems in adulthood. Freud’s Structural Model of Personality Freud not only theorized about how personality developed over the course of childhood, but he also developed a framework for how overall personality is structured. According to Freud, the basic driving force of personality and behavior is known as the libido. This libidinal energy fuels the three components that make up personality: the id, the ego,  and the superego. The id is the aspect of personality present at birth. It is the most primal part of the personality and drives people to fulfill their most basic needs and urges. The ego is the aspect of personality charged with controlling the urges of the id and forcing it to behave in realistic ways. The superego is the final aspect of personality to develop and contains all of the ideals, morals, and values imbued by our parents and culture. This part of personality attempts to make the ego behave according to these ideals. The ego must then moderate between the primal needs of the id, the idealistic standards of the superego and reality. Freuds concept of the id, ego, and superego has gained prominence in popular culture, despite a lack of support and considerable skepticism from many researchers. According to Freud, it is the three elements of personality that work together to create complex human behaviors. Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development Erik Erikson’s eight-stage theory of human development is one of the best-known theories in psychology. While the theory builds on Freud’s stages of psychosexual development, Erikson chose to focus on how social relationships impact personality development. The theory also extends beyond childhood to look at development across the entire lifespan. At each stage of psychosocial development, people face a crisis in which a task must be mastered. Those who successfully complete each stage emerge with a sense of mastery and well-being. Those who do not resolve the crisis at each stage may struggle with those skills for the remainder of their lives. Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget’s  theory of cognitive development  remains one of the most frequently cited in psychology, despite being subject to considerable criticism. While many aspects of his theory have not stood the test of time, the central idea remains important today: children think differently than adults. According to Piaget, children progress through a series of four stages that are marked by distinctive changes in how they think. How children think about themselves, others, and the world around them plays an important role in the formation of personality.   Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg developed a theory of personality development that focused on the growth of moral thought. Building on a two-stage process proposed by Piaget, Kohlberg expanded the theory to include six different stages. While the theory has been criticized for a number of different reasons, including the possibility that it does not accommodate different genders and cultures equally, Kohlberg’s theory remains important in our understanding of how personality develops. A Word From Verywell Personality involves not only inborn traits but also the cognitive and behavioral patterns that influence how people think and act. Temperament is a key part of the personality that is determined by inherited traits. It is the aspects of personality that are innate and have a lasting influence on behavior. Character is another aspect of personality influenced by experience that continues to grow and change throughout life. While personality continues to evolve over time and respond to the influences and experiences of life, much of personality is determined by inborn traits and early childhood experiences.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Importance of Richard Arkwright to the Industrial...

The Importance of Richard Arkwright to the Industrial Revolution Richard Arkwright was the founder of the factory. He was the first person to invent a machine that used a different form of power other than man. People called him the Father of the Industrial Revolution. Richard was a barber in Lancashire when he saw an opening in the industry for a new invention. Weaving had been speeded up by ‘flying shuttles’ and the thread wasn’t being produced fast enough to keep up with the looms, so he used his invention, the water frame, to fill the gap and get him lots of money. The Water Frame =============== Richard Arkwright was a business man and he made an invention called the water†¦show more content†¦He wanted large families so the women and children would come and work in the factory while the men worked on the looms in the house. He built houses for the workers of his factory and chapel and schools for the children when they weren’t working. Life in the factory, though, wasn’t very pleasant. The people worked twelve hours a day for six days a week and started work at five o’ clock in the morning. There were strict rules that you had to stick to like †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ â€Å"Any person found whistling at work fined one shilling† and â€Å"Any person found with their window open fined one shilling†. On each floor there was an overseer who had a whip. Some children were hit for not working properly. A lot of people got severely injured by the machinery. It was easy to get fingers cut off or bones broken. In most cases when someone lost a finger you stopped work until it stopped bleeding then you were sent to work again. Most children had their accidents in the last two hours of work because they were so tired from working such long hours. His Factories ============= Richard Arkwright was important because he built the first factory in 1771 for his water frame in Cromford. Cromford had a large river flowing through it and it had a stream from a lead mine nearby, so Richard thought it was the perfect place for a factory. HeShow MoreRelatedIndustrial Revolution Essay1157 Words   |  5 Pagesevents that happened in the Industrial Revolution were influenced by actions in the Agricultural Revolution. Innovations like Jethro Tull’s sowing seed influenced later engineers to create more efficient machinery for their own work. Movements like the enclosure movement acted similar to the laws set in place during the Industrial Revolution, because this movement changed the way people had to work. Along with all the importance of the people, the geographical importance was very similar. With theRead MoreEssay on Thoughts on the First Industrial Revolution1888 Words   |  8 PagesThoughts on the First Industrial Revolution The Era known as the Industrial Revolution was a period in which fundamental changes occurred agriculture, textiles and metal manufacture, transportation, economic policies and the social structure in England. This period is appropriately or inappropriately classified as a revolution, for this period completely destroyed the old ways of doing things; yet these changes did not occur in an abrupt change as the word revolution implies. The transformationRead MoreEssay on Industrial Revolution1489 Words   |  6 Pagesenvironment. Industrial revolution was so fundamental that it’s often compared with the transition from farming to stock raising, which began several thousand years before the birth of Christ. Considering the uses of natural resources, can human history be dived up into three pieces of varying length; hundreds of thousands years before â€Å"the agricultural revolution†, thousands of years between this and the Industrial revolution and the two hundreds years after the beginning of Industrial revolution. BeforeRead MoreImperialism: the White Mans Burden890 Words   |  4 Pagesin the Balkans because of the increasing strategic importance of the Mediterranean. Now what was going on before all of this imperialism came about? British power and dominance in the mid-19th century was based upon several factors, one of the key factors being economic power. Britain was at the head of the Industrial Revolution which meant that as a nation Britain had the material resources to become a great power. In 1769, Richard Arkwright constructed a spinning machine, the water frame, whichRead MoreThe Start of Americas Industrial Revolution Essay1748 Words   |  7 PagesThe Industrial Revolution did not start simultaneously around the world, but began in the most highly civilized and educated country in Western Europe – England. An empire like Great Britain was able to prevent the flow of new technology and experienced technicians to its colonies even while new machinery, like the spinning shuttle and the spinning jenny, was being used to develop textile manufacturing at home in England. The British Parliament was able to control its territories thr ough laws andRead More The Causes of the Industrial Revolution Essay4968 Words   |  20 PagesThe Causes of the Industrial Revolution The causes of the Industrial Revolution were complex and remain a topic for debate, with some historians seeing the Revolution as an outgrowth of social and institutional changes wrought by the end of feudalism in Great Britain after the English Civil War in the 17th century. The Enclosure movement and the British Agricultural Revolution made food production more efficient and less labor-intensive, forcing the surplus population who could no longer findRead MoreHow the Industrial Revolution Affects Us Today5039 Words   |  21 PagesDanielle Velazquez Mr. Teacher Course Number 3 May 2011 How the Industrial Revolution Affects Today The Industrial Revolution that rocked Americas economic and social structure was a magnificent tool of change.   The massive influx of industry that it brought with it changed the lives of millions of people.   The Industrial Revolution marked a turning point in American history. Almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way. â€Å"For the first time in history, the living standards of theRead MoreIn Plant Training Report on Textile Industry10085 Words   |  41 Pagesin understanding the core principles of business by way of first hand experiences. This in-plant training is a stepping stone which will groom for the future in the corporate world. Following are the objectives of In - plant training: ïÆ'Ëœ To get an Industrial exposure. ïÆ'Ëœ To be aware of the happening in a particular industry. ïÆ'Ëœ To achieve knowledge about different sectors in market for making choice as to which go for. ïÆ'Ëœ To learn functioning and operations of different departments i n an organization.Read MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagesorganization theory Introduction Conceptualizing management The historical origins and development of management 382 382 384 385 . xii Contents Technological change and the factory system The impact of scientific management The managerial revolution and the origins of managerialism Redefining managerialism Leadership and managerialism Diffusion between institutions: the case of the UK public sector New public management Diffusion within organizations: the infiltration of the rank and file Organizational

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Memory Is A Social Phenomenon - 1973 Words

It is been seen that memory is now ubiquitous .All of Memory has been wholly observed by its meticulous reconstitution.. When we examine a little closely to how we recollect things in our day to day to life, we realize that the greatest number of memories come back to us when our parents, our neighbours, our friends or the other persons recall them to us. Differences in discourse of memory have been understood by the remnants of experience which is still lived in the warmth of tradition, in the silence of custom, in the repetition of ancestral which have been displaced under the pressure of a fundamentally historical sensibility. Memory is a social phenomena. It has become the subject of controversies among observers and analysts. The notion of ‘memory’ when it is defined, can be either understood as internal or inward memory and external memory, or personal memory or social memory(Halbwach 1950, 52). Narratives about the past by nations and states are not something new. When we reflect upon them , we â€Å" make many discoveries† ; we discover the shape and the ‘why’ of the events.†(ibid: 55). But the explosion of the memorial phenomenon by largely, is increased from the utterance of specific groups, whether intranational or transnational groups, and from the range of scales on which the narrative of past experience is legitimately expressed. A social group’s identity is constructed with narratives and traditions that are created to give its members a sense of an community.Show MoreRelatedSummary Of Forrest Gump And Shindlers List1124 Words   |  5 Pages th e social sciences have disputed the connection between historical truth and visual representation. In the article â€Å"Hollywood’s Holocaust: Schindler’s List and the Construction of Memory,† Lynn Rapaport discusses the â€Å"productive tension between history, memory, meaning, representation† (55). A diverse number of scholars have become increasingly interested in the importance of â€Å"memory in constituting social identities† (Rapaport 56). Some scholars have drawn attention to the way memory is capturedRead More Orality and the Problem of Memory Essay examples1052 Words   |  5 PagesOrality and the Problem of Memory A professor of mine once posed the question: â€Å"What do you truly know?† My obvious initial response was, â€Å"What do you mean, what do I know? Isn’t that why I’m here? To expand upon the wealth of knowledge that I already know?† After tossing the question around for a few days, I finally realized what she was getting at--knowledge equals experience, and experience promotes memory. In today’s culture of hypertext and cyberspace, the opportunities for experientialRead MoreUse Of Psychology And Counseling Centre1467 Words   |  6 Pagescould. This phenomenon is applied even across variations in encoding rules, timed or self-placed presentation and along with between and within subjects design. A number of potential explanatory principles are considered and their difficulties are enumerated in the following report. To conclude, generation effect is a robust finding. Keywords: Generate Condition. Recall, Memory, Paired associate. Introduction The given report is an empirically based report. Generation effect is a phenomenon where informationRead MoreHow Narrative And Memory Influence Identity942 Words   |  4 Pagesand â€Å"identity,† including various compound terms for or with them, without attempting to define or distinguish them. Before continuing, and prior to any further discussion of how narrative and memory influence identity, I wish to clarify these terms as best as I am able. As McAdams (2003) notes, both social scientists and laypersons use â€Å"self† and â€Å"identity† interchangeably in many circumstances. 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Chan et al. (2007) reports that this phenomenon, also known as the founder effect, may have occurred because of a mutation from a German Settler. Koopowitz (2012) states that there are only 300 reported cases of this rare neurological disease. Kooppwitz also states (as cited by Rallis, BalatsourasRead MoreNostalgia As A Medical Condition1530 Words   |  7 Pagesnostalgic, they are living in the past. During these flashbacks, the past seems more positive than the present. Nostalgia can be induced by thinking about the past, by going to places you have been before, or even by hearing a song that brings back memories of past events. Even the least sentimental people are nostalgic at certain moments. Nostalgia was originally referred to as a medical condition. A Swiss physician, Johannes Hofer, used the term to describe extreme homesickness. According to HoferRead MoreGift Giving A Social Phenomenon780 Words   |  4 PagesGift giving is a social phenomenon that is a part of our traditions to demonstrate to the people their intention of love and respect. People give gifts in different rituals because it is part of our society. Gift giving started before the eighteenth century and now it is very important action in this century. Berking shows that gift giving is a cultural practice in our society and do not rely on economic or politic action. The cultural practice of gift giving is part of framing society and it isRead MoreThe Social Construction Of Illness1399 Words   |  6 Pagesinterpretation made by biologists and physicians. It is believed that illness, a social phenomenon, is created out of disease, a biological phenomenon, through social construction. Social construction of illness emphasizes that the meaning of illness develops through interaction in a social context. While the medical model assumes that illness is invariant in time and place, social construction suggests that cultural and social systems shape the meaning and experience of illness. In short, illness hasRead MoreThe Link Between Social Networking And Digital Technology940 Words   |  4 PagesInstagram is an online social networking app that allows people to share photos and videos to the public. Also it connected with other social networking platforms, such as Facebook and Twitter etc. (Instagram. Com 2015). People can use Instagram to take photos at anytime and editing it with filters, and share their life moments in a visual way by taking photos and videos. Moreover, the additional services on Instagram, such as Instagram message, Hashtag, Filters and Like button etc. Those features

Succubus Shadows Chapter 24 Free Essays

â€Å"This†¦isn’t possible,† I said. â€Å"I don’t know,† said Roman dryly. â€Å"Looks pretty possible to me. We will write a custom essay sample on Succubus Shadows Chapter 24 or any similar topic only for you Order Now † â€Å"But Seth’s an author. These kinds of magazines don’t care about people like him.† â€Å"He’s so commonplace for you that you don’t realize how famous he is. And, hey, if it’s a slow week, they probably take what they can get. Sex sells – and that’s pretty sexy.† I looked down at it again. It was pretty sexy. They’d taken it when I’d been lying on top of Seth, and the sarong had slipped enough that I was showing an awful lot of skin. Nausea rolled through me. â€Å"Maybe no one will see this.† Yet, even as the words left my lips, I knew that was wishful thinking on my part. As I’d noted before, this magazine was a favorite at the store, largely because of its outrageously ridiculous articles. Someone, somewhere was going to see this picture. And while the articles might be fabrications, a photo like this – which clearly showed our faces – could hardly lie. I let the magazine fall to the floor. â€Å"I can’t†¦I can’t deal with this. Not after everything else.† Roman frowned, legitimate concern filling his features. I don’t think he was happy about either the picture or Seth’s new resolve, but it had to be obvious that more than these bits of news were plaguing me. â€Å"Georgina, what else is – â€Å" I held a hand up. â€Å"Not now. Tomorrow. We’ll talk tomorrow. Too much†¦too much has happened tonight.† Erik’s lifeless eyes flashed in my mind. â€Å"It makes this seem like nothing.† He hesitated, then nodded. â€Å"Okay. You want to set aside some time for tomorrow night? I don’t mean a date. Just, I don’t know. Get dinner, talk about all this so it doesn’t eat you up. I really am worried about you.† I started to say he shouldn’t worry, that I’d be okay, but I backed off. I really didn’t know if I was. â€Å"I’d like that,† I said honestly. â€Å"If my damage control doesn’t conflict, then sure. I’ll tell you all about it.† I stood up wearily. â€Å"But now – bed.† He let me retreat to my bedroom, his heart in his eyes. It made me feel worse, largely because of what a low priority his feelings were for me right now. Obviously, they were important to him, and I appreciated his ardor. And his feelings did mean something to me. There was something very sweet and comforting in his offer to breathe and just talk. But in light of everything else going on? I couldn’t allow myself to process anything too deep with our relationship right now. Particularly when I had to face the gauntlet at the bookstore the next day. I’d had a number of past times entering Emerald City where I’d been met with curious and covert looks. More often than not, it had been over something ridiculous, and I’d had no clue until later. Today, I knew exactly what was going on. There was no question that the damned magazine had gotten around. And the looks this time weren’t inquisitive or smug. They were accusatory. Disdainful. I couldn’t face them. Not yet. I hurried through the store as quickly as I could, seeking my office – which I vowed not to leave for the rest of my shift. It was pretty hypocritical, considering my judgment on Seth avoiding his problems. Only, I didn’t have as much luck getting away from mine. Maddie was sitting at my desk. I hadn’t seen her in a week, not since she’d come to my condo. I’d told her then she could have indefinite leave from work and hadn’t expected to see her back anytime soon. Now she stopped me dead in my tracks. Her face was much calmer than I would have expected. No, it was more than calm. It was still. Perfectly, eerily still. Like a sculpture. And when she looked up at me, it was like looking into the eyes of the dead. Cold. Emotionless. Nonetheless, I shut the door, fearing what was to come. â€Å"I had a million theories, you know.† Her voice was as flat as her expression. â€Å"Never, ever did I consider this one. I mean, I wondered if there could have been another woman. But I never thought it’d be you.† It took an impossibly long time for my lips to move. â€Å"No†¦it wasn’t that. It wasn’t like that at all. That’s not why he did it†¦.† I couldn’t finish and suddenly questioned my words. Wasn’t that – by which I meant, me – exactly the reason he’d left her? Maybe our beach interlude hadn’t been the direct cause, but I had certainly been the catalyst. The magazine lay on my desk, open to the guilty page. She picked it up, studying it with a calculating look. â€Å"So what then? You were just comforting him after the fact?† â€Å"Actually†¦well, actually, yeah. That shot was taken afterward.† It still sounded lame, and we both knew it. She threw the magazine down, and finally, the emotion came to her face. â€Å"What, and that makes it okay?† she cried. â€Å"You – one of my best friends – running off with my fianc? ¦ the day after he dumps me?† â€Å"It wasn’t like that,† I repeated. â€Å"I went to find him†¦to see if he was okay.† â€Å"And then you made sure he was okay?† she demanded. Her words were sarcastic, but tears glittered in her eyes. â€Å"No†¦I didn’t expect anything like that to happen. And really, nothing much did happen. The thing is†¦Ã¢â‚¬  I took a deep breath. â€Å"We used to date. Before you guys were together. We never told anyone. Things ended†¦well, pretty much just before you started going out.† Like, almost the day before. That caught her off guard. Her eyes went wide. â€Å"What? You had a past†¦you went out with my boyfriend and never told me? He never told me?† â€Å"We thought it’d be easier.† â€Å"Easier? Easier?† She pointed at the magazine again. â€Å"You think seeing you guys back together in full color was easier?† â€Å"We aren’t back together,† I said quickly. â€Å"He didn’t end things because he was cheating – † Again, I had to admit the truth to myself. He hadn’t been cheating on her when he broke the engagement, but we’d slept together earlier in the relationship. â€Å"I was as surprised as you were. And I was worried. I told you, I went to find him, but we didn’t sleep together. Then I left. That’s it.† The tears were on her cheeks now. â€Å"It wouldn’t have mattered if you had slept together. You guys keeping that past from me – you guys lying is worse. I trusted you! I trusted both of you! How could you do this? What kind of person does this to their friend?† A damned soul, I thought. But I didn’t say that. I didn’t say anything. Maddie shot up from the desk, futilely trying to wipe away the tears that were still coming. â€Å"Doug warned me once, you know. He said there was this way you guys always looked at each other that made him wonder. I told him he was crazy. I told him he was imagining it – that it was impossible. That you guys would never do that to me.† â€Å"Maddie, I’m sorry – â€Å" She hurried to the door, pushing past me. â€Å"Not as sorry as I am for putting my trust in you. For putting my trust in both of you. I’m quitting. Right now. Don’t expect to see me again.† She jerked the door open. â€Å"I don’t know how you can live with yourself. You two deserve each other!† The door slammed loudly, rattling my ears. I stayed where I was, staring blankly at the desk, unable to move. Unable to think or react or do anything useful. I don’t know how you can live with yourself. Me either. â€Å"Boy, things are pretty screwed up for you.† Carter materialized beside me, his angelic signature filling the room. Dressed as ratty as always – except for his hat – he strolled casually to the desk and picked up the magazine. â€Å"That’s a good shot of you, though.† â€Å"Shut up,† I said. The agony I’d tried to keep locked up with Maddie began to burst out. â€Å"Just shut up! I can’t handle your commentary right now, okay? Not with everything else. Certainly not with this†¦Ã¢â‚¬  I sank to the floor, leaning against the door and raking my hands through my hair. When I looked up at Carter, I expected one of his laconic smiles, but his face was all seriousness. â€Å"I wasn’t being sarcastic,† he said. â€Å"Things are screwed up.† I suddenly wished I had a cigarette. â€Å"Yes. They certainly are. Erik’s dead, you know.† â€Å"I know.† I closed my eyes for a moment, allowing myself to feel the full grief over that. With so much going on, it didn’t seem like I’d really allowed any of these problems to have the full mourning they deserved. Someone, I realized, would have to do the proper things for Erik now. Did he have family somewhere? Dante of all people might know. Otherwise, I was willing to take on any funeral arrangements – no matter the cost or work. I owed Erik that much. I owed him so much more. â€Å"It wasn’t a coincidence,† I said softly. â€Å"It couldn’t have been. Jerome says it was some revenge from the Oneroi’s master†¦but I don’t believe that. Erik had been trying to figure out my contract. Before he died†¦before he†¦Ã¢â‚¬  My voice caught as I recalled how I had been the one to take that last breath. â€Å"He told me there were two contracts. That it wasn’t mine that was the problem. I don’t know what that means.† Carter still said nothing, but his eyes were fixed so intently on me that they might as well have been pinning me to the wall. â€Å"But you know, don’t you?† I asked him. â€Å"You’ve always known. And Simone†¦Ã¢â‚¬  I frowned. â€Å"Before Jerome sent her away, he mentioned something about her knowing Niphon and ‘fucking up things even more.’ That’s a piece of all this too, isn’t it?† Carter still remained silent. I gave a harsh laugh. â€Å"But, of course, you can’t say anything. You can’t do anything. Hell’s always got its hands in mortal affairs – or even lesser immortal affairs – but you guys? Nothing. How can you be a force for good in this world? You don’t help bring it about! You just wait and hope it happens on its own.† â€Å"Most of the good in this world happens without any of our help,† he said evasively. â€Å"Oh good God. What a lovely answer from you. And you know what? I don’t believe there is any good in this world. All this time†¦ever since I sold my soul, I’ve been clinging to this idea that there is something pure and decent out there. That there was something to give me hope that even if I was a lost cause, at least there was something bright and good in the world. But there isn’t. If there was, Seth wouldn’t have fallen. Erik wouldn’t have died. Andrea Mortensen wouldn’t be dying.† â€Å"Good can still exist when bad things happen, just as evil persists when good things happen.† â€Å"What good comes from Andrea dying? What good comes from leaving five little girls alone and motherless in the world?† I was choking on my own sobs. â€Å"If you – if any of you – could really affect the world, you wouldn’t let that happen.† â€Å"I can’t change fate. I’m not God.† He was still so fucking calm that I wanted to punch him. Yet, what could I expect? Jerome had no attachment to humans, and at the end of the day, angels and demons weren’t so different. I buried my face in my hands. â€Å"You can’t change anything. None of us can change anything. We’re resigned to our fates, just like Nyx showed.† â€Å"Humans change their fates all the time. Even lesser immortals do. It starts small, but it happens.† I was suddenly tired. So, so tired. I shouldn’t have come here today. I should never have left my bed. I no longer had the energy to argue with him or berate his frustratingly useless attitude. â€Å"Can Seth change?† I asked at last. â€Å"Are good intentions enough to redeem a soul?† â€Å"All things are possible. And I don’t mean that as a clich? ¦,† he added, no doubt seeing the scowl on my face. â€Å"It’s true. Mortals and mortals-turned-immortals don’t always believe that – which is why Hell has such a foothold in the world. And I’m not saying that if you believe it, it will happen. Things don’t always turn out for the best, but miracles are real, Georgina. You’ve just got to lift yourself out of the muck to make them. You’ve got to take the chance.† Yes, I was definitely getting a cigarette after this. Carter probably had one on him. I gave him as much of a smile as I could muster. â€Å"Easy for you to say. Can you make miracles?† â€Å"I try,† he said. â€Å"I try. Will you?† And with that, he vanished before I could bum a cigarette. Fucking angels. But his words stayed with me when I went home that night, maybe because even as depressing as they seemed, they were still more cheerful than enduring that shift. My managerial mandates were still obeyed, but otherwise, I could see the seething disapproval and condemnation in the eyes of my colleagues. It was a startling reminder of my village’s reaction when everyone had found out I’d cheated on Kyriakos. Only this time, I had no way to blot it from these people’s minds. I had nothing more to bargain with Hell. At the condo, I found a note from Roman, saying he’d be staying at the school for a while that evening to finish up some setup. If I wanted, though, he’d be happy to take me out for dinner as he’d promised. That gave me time to stretch out on the couch, seeing as I was still exhausted from the emotional miasma I’d been wading through this last week. No sleep came, just a kind of bleak malaise as I stared at the ceiling. Probably just as well. God only knew what I’d dream. Dream. I sighed. The man in the dream. It had been bugging me over and over in my subconscious, and without even mentioning it, Carter had somehow brought it back to the fore-front of my mind. The Oneroi had claimed Seth was the man in the dream. I told myself for the hundredth time that it was a ridiculous fantasy. I couldn’t have any real relationship with a mortal. Seth had fallen from grace, and I’d refused him. It was all impossible now. All things are possible. Erik and Mei had said it was impossible for Seth to find my soul across the vastness of the dream world – yet he had. Kristin had told me my contract was airtight – yet Erik had sworn there was a flaw somewhere. He’d died for that knowledge, I was certain. Seth had claimed nothing could bring him back to Seattle – yet I had. Everyone who worked for Hell had told me darkened souls almost never redeemed themselves – yet Seth was striving to regain my good opinion. He was also sacrificing what he loved – his writing – to help the family he loved more. Would that be enough? Could he be saved? All things are possible. I sat up from the couch, my gaze falling on the spot where Aubrey and Godiva slept next to each other. Godiva had come to me after I’d dreamed her. The dream I still maintained was impossible. Miracles are real, Georgina. You’ve just got to lift yourself out of the muck to make them. You’ve got to take the chance. Could I? Would I? Was there a miracle somewhere in the muck of this despair, heartache, death, and betrayal? I couldn’t see through it. I didn’t know where to start. Carter had said change happened through small acts. All I had to do was pick something. Anything. Take the chance. Again, I focused on Godiva. The man in the dream. Maybe it was Seth. Maybe it wasn’t. Maybe I could make it him. His love had been great enough to rescue me and then try to rescue himself. I realized now what had been bothering me. He was doing all of this – how could I do any less? All my life, I’d hidden from hard choices. I’d always found some compromise to avoid bad things, the results of which never really turned out that great. If anything, they’d become worse. My love for Seth was no less than his for me, but I hadn’t been willing to do the things that might hurt. He’d told me there was no way the universe would let us stay apart. He was right – and this time, I would be the one who made sure we came together again. I wouldn’t abandon him. I was moving toward the door, my coat and purse in hand, when Roman came home, carrying flowers. He took one look at me and offered a small bitter laugh that carried all the woe and resignation in the world. The bouquet sagged in his hands. â€Å"You’re going to Seth.† â€Å"How did you know?† â€Å"Because†¦because you’re shining. Because you look like you’ve found all the answers in the universe.† â€Å"I don’t know about that,† I said. â€Å"But I’ve found some kind of answer. He’s risked so much for me†¦. We found each other across all the other souls in the world†¦.† I trailed off, feeling horrible. My decision about Seth burned brightly in me, but Roman’s face†¦there seemed to be nothing in this world that didn’t end up causing someone pain. â€Å"I was wrong to abandon him. Especially now.† â€Å"Sounds like you better go to him,† said Roman at last. â€Å"Roman – â€Å" He shook his head. â€Å"Go.† I went. I hadn’t been to Seth’s condo in so long, not in the flesh. Walking up to the door, a barrage of memories flooded me, particularly that first night I’d stayed over when he had taken care of me†¦. It wasn’t that late, but when he opened the door, there was a scattered, mussed look to him that made me think he’d been sleeping. Or maybe he’d just been too consumed by writing to properly groom. It happened sometimes when he got caught up with the worlds in his mind. From the look on his face, it was clear he was in this world now. I don’t think he’d believed he’d see me for a very long time. I wondered if I was still shining the way Roman had claimed I was because Seth’s eyes regarded me with more than just surprise. There was wonder and awe there. I’d only driven across town, made one impulse decision to come here, but we might as well have been meeting across time and space again. â€Å"Georgina,† he breathed. â€Å"What are you – â€Å" I didn’t let him finish. I threw myself into his arms and kissed him. And this time, I didn’t pull back. How to cite Succubus Shadows Chapter 24, Essay examples

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Mary Shelleys Frankenstein Essay Example

Mary Shelleys Frankenstein Essay Mary Shelleys Frankenstein is a story about a man called Victor Frankenstein who makes a monster out of other peoples body parts. It was written in 1816 and published in 1818. This story came to be written because Mary and her associates had a challenge to see who could write the best gothic horror story. Gothic horror was popular in that time because of all the bloodshed in the French revolution which made people want to see blood, violence and torture. Many gothic horrors had people rising from the dead because a man named Luigi made a dead frog jerk using electricity and there where many other reasons. Mary Shelleys acquaintances didnt take this seriously but that night Mary had a dream in which the story came to her. All the deaths in Marys life influenced the story a little. By closely examining the novel I will investigate how Mary Shelley makes us, the reader, sympathise with the monster. In doing so I will look at themes, language and the characters. When Victor Frankenstein creates his monster all he sees in it is resentment and revulsion, Victor abuses the monster and this must make it feel even worse. Abhorred monster! Fiend thou art!Wretched devil! says Victor as he meets the monster on the mountain. The monster says to Victor I am your Adam but Victor describes the monster as been work of the devil. Mary Shelley repeatedly shows us how Victor turns his back on the monster, for example, in this quote, Begone! I will not hear you. There can not be any community between you and me; we are enemies. You can tell that Victor is turning his back on the monster, even though its his own creation because he calls it Abhorred monster! Fiend thou art! The tortures of hell are too mild a vengeance for thy crimes. Wretched devil! This makes us feel sorry for the monster because all the monster wants is to be friends and be loved by victor but victor hates his own creation. We will write a custom essay sample on Mary Shelleys Frankenstein specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Mary Shelleys Frankenstein specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Mary Shelleys Frankenstein specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The monster is often seen in a sympathetic light. For example in this quote Be calm! Intreat you to hear me before you give vent to your hatred on my devoted head. Have I not suffered enough that you seek to increase my misery?, the monster. is human in a way. Even, though he is made out of different materials, he still has feelings like a normal human being and he is calm and intelligent not the fiend Victor has described him to be. In their conversation on the sea of ice, we see Victor behaving like a monster verbally abusing the creature, where as, Frankenstein is more civil, hes telling Victor to calm down. If Mary Shelley portrayed Victor more like a calm gentle person, we would probably feel more sympathetic towards him but instead, in my opinion; Victor is a very cruel man which makes me feel sympathy for the monster. Quotes such as Farewell! I leave you, and in you the last of human kind, these eyes will ever behold, farewell, Frankenstein! If thou wert yet alive. And But soon he cried with sad and solemn enthusiasm, I shall die, and what I now feel be no longer felt, soon these burning miseries will be extinct. Make us, the reader; see the monster in a better light. We feel sympathy for him and wish that Victor treated him different. I believe Mary Shelley has done this deliberately because at first people see Frankenstein as a bad person so they try to kill him, but now, when he is about to kill himself we see how sad he is. Mary Shelley uses a metaphor of Adam and Eve to develop our sympathy towards the monster, she has the monster say to Victor Remember that I am thy creature; I ought to be they Adam, but I am rather the fallen angel, whom thou drivest from joy for no misdeed. Here the monster is trying to say why is Victor treating me like this, he is the one who created me, but now wants nothing to do with me, Im just a thrown away experiment. Mary Shelley wants us to think that the creature wants to belong to a family. This is a powerful image because the monster wants brothers and sisters and parents, he just wants to be loved, and if he doesnt have love the reader can tell that he needs to be loved and they show a lot of sympathy towards Frankenstein. In conclusion, the readers sympathise for the monster Frankenstein, because they know that he will never have a family to love him and he will never love. I think this story has a very strong connection with society today, Frankenstein was judged on the way he looked, and people today are judged on the way they look, people need to see that it isnt how you look, its how you act.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

10 Facts on Criminal Behaviour for a Research paper

10 Facts on Criminal Behaviour for a Research paper If you are writing a research paper on criminal behavior, there are many things you should consider. Review the facts below to help give you some direction into what information is out there: There are many competing theories for why people commit crimes just as there are many types of crimes to commit. The Rational Choice Theory stated that criminal behavior can be divided into the victimized, the rational, and the predestined. But the Trait Theory states that there is a biological reason behind criminality, something which relates to a physical or biological trait inside of the person who commits the crime. In criminology, the examinations why individuals commit certain crimes is an ongoing process from which multiple theories have in merge. The reason it is important to study criminal behavior is to find the best solutions to reduce crime, specifically to reduce certain types of crime. The social disorganization theory states that the physical and social environment of an individual is responsible for the behavioral choices they make. Individual to live in neighborhoods where there is high crime, for school, and high unemployment might be more prone to committing specific crimes. This theory is applicable to petty crimes relating to drug use, left, and even illegal immigration. Strain theory states that almost all people have similar aspirations but not everybody has the same ability or opportunity. When certain people are unable to achieve the things they want through hard work simply because they dont have the same opportunities or abilities of someone else they might try to achieve that same level of success through crime. This is something also applicable to things such as the sale of drugs or illegal immigration. The social learning theory is a theory which purports that people will become motivated to commit certain crimes based on those with whom they associate. This is one particularly important when studying recidivism rates because it lends itself to the idea that those who might fall under the string theory or social disorganization theory could eventually succumb to social learning theory especially if they are put into prison for an extended period of time.   A young child who grows up in a poor neighborhood and cannot find employment opportunities might succumb to social disorganization theory and commit a small robbery in order to feed his family.   This small robbery can land the individual in jail where he associates with other criminals who have different skill sets and eventually it comes to social learning theory which leads him to commit more serious and violent crimes upon his release, contributing to high recidivism rates. There are many technologies used today to enhance our understanding of crimes and criminal behavior. The Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System within the United States is maintained by the FBI and is used to house a criminal history system. Members of the criminal justice system can use this to automatically search for fingerprints, by placing a suspected person’s finger onto the pad of a wireless technological device. It can also be used for electronic image storing or exchanging fingerprints and responses. The AFIS maintained by the FBI is the second largest biometric databases throughout the world, containing records of over sixty six million subjects. With a fingerprint there is an associated criminal history for each subject alongside over twenty five million civil fingerprints. This technology has helped prevent criminal behavior by subjecting anyone interested in employment with a house for vulnerable minors to a fingerprint and background check to verify any criminal record. Any criminal history is catalogued alongside non-criminal source information such as employment background checks. During an investigation, criminal justice agencies can request a search through IAFIS while they are undergoing a criminal investigation. Scanning fingerprints into AFIS live uses Livescan. Instead of making an impression onto a piece of paper with ink, the fingerprint is placed onto the glass which is above a camera unit and pressed flat and rolled to give an impression. Once this is done, finge rprint technicians scan the print and use computer algorithms to mark the deltas, cores, and minutia points on the finger which runs the results through a search and processes which matches are of the highest quality. Facial recognition is a computer application which can automatically identify an individual through a video source. It uses either a digital image or a video frame to compare certain facial features to the database of facial features. This can be used in conjunction with fingerprint systems to provide additional assurance of the identity. The technology behind facial recognition extracts the shape, size, and position of the jaw, the cheekbones, the nose, and the eyes while also noting any landmark features. The algorithms which are a part of the application normalize the images, compress the data, and retain only useful data while comparing the image with other face data. The technology uses geometric algorithms and photometric algorithms. The first uses any distinguishing features while the second compares values of the image through statistics to eliminate any variances. New developments in the field use 3 dimensional recognition to capture all of the aspects of a face and its shape, identifying surface features such as the chin, the nose, and the contour of both eye sockets. This advanced technology is not affected by any changes in the light and can recognize an individual from the profile view. This technology offers many advances in terms of precise recognition, using sensors to project censored light to capture different spectrums along the face. The application can now capture skin texture including lines, spots, and patterns. Social control theory states that people will naturally commit a crime if there are no control in society which stop them. These controls take the form of schools, churches, families, and places of business. This relates to other theories insofar as it states that an individual who has a support structure socially speaking such as a job, a family, or even a school will be less inclined to commit crimes wear at somebody who doesnt have these things will succumb to the environment in which they live and the lack of social control thereby committing crimes. These facts should get you up the speed with the subject of criminal behavior. If you need more professional research paper help we also have a guide on criminal behavior for a research paper that you may check as well as our 20 topics and 1 sample essay. References: Bartol, Curt R.  Criminal Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1980. Print. Browers, Michaelle. Minorities In Islam/Muslims As Minorities.  Contemporary Islam  8.3 (2014): 211-215. Web. Cassel, Elaine and Douglas A Bernstein.  Criminal Behavior. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2001. Print. Chambliss, William J.  Crime And Criminal Behavior. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, 2011. Print. Clinard, Marshall B and Richard Quinney.  Criminal Behavior Systems. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967. Print. Criminal Evidence.  Journal of Criminal Justice  15.1 (1987): 101. Web. Yaffe, Gideon. In Defense Of Criminal Possession.  Criminal Law and Philosophy  (2014): n. pag. Web.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Make Ectoplasm Slime for Halloween

Make Ectoplasm Slime for Halloween You can make this non-sticky, edible slime from two easy-to-find ingredients. It can be used as ectoplasm for Halloween costumes, haunted houses, and Halloween parties. Ectoplasm Slime Materials You only need two ingredients to make the basic slime, though you can add coloring to make the slime any combination of colors that you like or to make it glow in the dark. 1 teaspoon soluble fiber (e.g., Metamucil psyllium fiber)8 ounces (1 cup) waterFood coloring (optional)Glow paint or pigment (optional) Make Your Ectoplasm Pour the water and fiber into a large microwave-safe bowl.Microwave the ectoplasm on high power for 3 minutes.​Stir the ectoplasm. Return it to the microwave and heat it for another 3 minutes.Stir the ectoplasm and check its consistency. If you want drier ectoplasm, microwave the ectoplasm another minute or two. Continue checking the ectoplasm and microwaving it until you achieve the desired consistency.Add a drop of food coloring and/or some glow paint, if desired. Youll get an interesting effect if you incompletely mix the coloring into the ectoplasm, such as multicolored ectoplasm or ectoplasm slime with glowing streaks.Store the ectoplasm in a sealed baggie to prevent dehydration. The slime will last for a week or longer, as long as you keep it from drying out. Safety and Clean Up Made with fiber, water, and food coloring, the ectoplasm slime is safe enough to eat. If you make the slime glow, check the product details to determine the safety of the slime. If will likely be non-toxic, but not edible. This slime is not sticky, so clean up should be as easy as wiping it off surfaces. If it gets onto clothing or carpets, use warm, soapy water. Bleach may be required to remove stains caused by food coloring,